Materials Spotlight: The Properties of Nylon 12

BY: Christina Hansen

 

Even though it isn’t as widely used as Nylon 6-6, the semi-crystalline polyamide known as Nylon 12, Polyamide 12, or PA 12 has physical properties that make it an excellent material for manufacturing many different products, including cable ties, wire insulation, flexible hosing, nozzles, damping cogwheels, flexible cover caps, sheet gaskets, sealing rings, protective coverings, medical catheters, and even ski boots.

With a lower concentration of amides (nitrogen-containing organic compounds) than any other commercially available polyamide, Nylon 12’s material characteristics make it beneficial in the following ways:

  • It absorbs very little moisture, which allows components made from Nylon 12 to retain a high degree of dimensional stability, even in environments with fluctuating humidity levels.
  • Even when temperatures dip below freezing, Nylon 12 retains excellent impact and non-impact strength.
  • It features excellent resistance to chemicals, including hydraulic fluids, oil, fuels, grease, salt water and solvents.
  • Nylon 12 has exceptionally strong resistance to cracking under stress, including instances when it encapsulates metal components.
  • It provides excellent resistance to abrasion.
  • When it is dry run against steel, polyacetal, polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) and other material, Nylon 12 has a very low coefficient of friction.
  • It dampens noise and vibration.
  • Even when placed under high-frequency cyclical load, Nylon 12 remains incredibly fatigue resistant.
  • It is highly processable.

 

Below, you’ll find tables listing typical material properties for three commonly used versions of Nylon 12: standard, semi-flexible, and flexible.

Standard Nylon 12

PropertyValue
Density1.01 g/cm³
Surface HardnessRR105
Tensile Strength7251.89 psi  (50 MPa)
Flexural Modulus1.4 GPa
Notched Izod0.06 kJ/m
Elongation at Break200%
Strain at Yield6%
Maximum Operating Temp.158°F (70°C)
Water Absorption0.25%
Oxygen Index21%
UL 94 Flammability RatingV2
Dielectric Strength60 MV/m
Heat Distortion Temperature @ 0.45 MPa302°F (150°C)
Heat Distortion Temperature @ 1.80 MPa131°F (55°C)
Material Drying2 hours @ 194°F (90°C)
Melting Temperature Range374°F - 410°F (190°C - 210°C)
Mold Shrinkage1.5%
Mold Temperature Range104°F - 140°F (40°C - 60°C)

 

Semi-Flexible Nylon 12

PropertyValue
Density1.03 g/cm³
Surface HardnessRR85
Tensile Strength4351.13 psi (30 MPa)
Flexural Modulus0.55 GPa
Notched Izod0.07 kJ/m
Elongation at Break300%
Strain at Yield30%
Maximum Operating Temp.158°F (70°C)
Water Absorption0.2%
Oxygen Index21%
UL 94 Flammability RatingV2
Dielectric Strength55 MV/m
Heat Distortion Temperature @ 0.45 MPa284°F (140°C)
Heat Distortion Temperature @ 1.80 MPa158°F (70°C)
Material Drying2 hours @ 194°F (90°C)
Melting Temperature Range374°F - 392°F (190°C - 200°C)
Mold Shrinkage1.4%
Mold Temperature Range104°F - 140°F (40°C - 60°C)

 

Flexible Nylon 12

PropertyValue
Density1.03 g/cm³
Surface HardnessRR80
Tensile Strength3625.9 psi (50 MPa)
Flexural Modulus0.4 GPa
Notched Izod0.07 kJ/m
Elongation at Break300%
Strain at Yield37.50%
Maximum Operating Temp.158°F (70°C)
Water Absorption0.2%
Oxygen Index21%
UL 94 Flammability RatingV2
Dielectric Strength55 MV/m
Heat Distortion Temperature @ 0.45 MPa275°F (135°C)
Heat Distortion Temperature @ 1.80 MPa122°F (50°C)
Material Drying2 hours @ 194°F (90°C)
Melting Temperature Range374°F - 392°F (190°C - 200°C)
Mold Shrinkage1.4%
Mold Temperature Range104°F - 140°F (40°C - 60°C)

 

 

©2018 CableOrganizer.com, LLC. This article may not be reproduced in part or in full without the written permission of CableOrganizer.com.

 

 

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