Network Wiring Instructions

BY: Christina Hansen

RJ-11 (Telephone) Plug | RJ-45 (Data) Plug | 110 Block / 66 Block Punchdown

 

  1. RJ-11 (Telephone) Plug

    image of RJ-11 connector

    diagram of color wiring

    Figure 1

    image of wiring of wall jack

    Figure 1 is the wiring scheme for the plug side of an RJ-11 connector. The diagram is shown with the "hook clip" on the underside. The typical RJ-11 connector has six terminals. Usually, only the middle four pins are used. The POTS (Plain Old Telephone Service) residential telephone wiring generally contains two pairs of wires - designed for two separate telephone lines. The center pins (Red and Green) contain the first telephone line. Please note that business (digital) phone systems may be wired differently.
  2. RJ-45 (DATA) Plug Wiring

    image of RJ-45 plug and Pin 1 indicated

    diagram of the T-568B standard

    Figure 2

    Figure 2 is the wiring scheme for the plug side of an RJ-45 connector in accordance with T-568B standards. The T-568B standard is the most commonly used. The wiring diagram is shown with the "hook clip" on the underside. The wall jack may be wired in a different sequence because the wires may be crossed inside the jack. The jack should have a wiring diagram or designated pin numbers/colors to match up to the color code below. When wiring a jack or an RJ-45 plug, remember to keep the “twist” as close as possible to the (jack or plug) receptacle. This will insure compliance with Ethernet wiring standards.

    Specification T-568B

    Pin # Color Pair # Name
    1 white/ orange 2 Transmit Data +
    2 orange 2 Transmit Data -
    3 white/ green 3 Receive Data +
    4 blue 1 not used
    5 white/ blue 1 not used
    6 green 3 Receive Data -
    7 white/ brown 4 not used
    8 brown 4 not used

    (Even pin numbers are always solid color. Odd pin numbers are white/ stripe color.)

    For reference purposes only, Figure 3 details the wiring scheme according to T-568A standards. Be sure adhere to EITHER the T-568B or the T-568A standard. Do not mix different wiring specifications within the same wiring installation.

    image of RJ-45 plug and Pin 1 indicated

    diagram of T-568A standard

    Figure 3


    Specification T-568A

    Pin # Color Pair # Name
    1 white/ green 3 Receive Data +
    2 green 3 Receive Data -
    3 white/ orange 2 Transmit Data +
    4 blue 1 not used
    5 white/ blue 1 not used
    6 orange 2 Transmit Data -
    7 white/ brown 4 not used
    8 brown 4 not used

    Crossover Cable
    Some applications may require a crossover cable. The most common use of a crossover cable occurs in wiring together two Hubs. A crossover cable “crosses over” Transmit and Receive Data. Pins 1 and 3 are crossed over, and Pins 2 and 6 are crossed over. To build a CROSSOVER cable, simply wire one side according to specification T-568B, and wire the other side according to T-568A.

  3. 110 Block / 66 Block Punchdown

    Punchdowns are made with the pairs in order with the white-stripe wire first, then the colored wire.

    Pair 1 white/blue - Blue
    Pair 2 white/orange - Orange
    Pair 3 white/green - Green
    Pair 4 white/brown - Brown

 

Reminder hint: BLOGBLue Orange Green and Brown

color diagram of punchdown block order

Punchdown Block Order

 

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