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Materials Spotlight: The Properties of Nylon 12

 

 

Even though it isn’t as widely used as Nylon 6-6, the semi-crystalline polyamide known as Nylon 12, Polyamide 12, or PA 12 has physical properties that make it an excellent material for manufacturing many different products, including cable ties, wire insulation, flexible hosing, nozzles, damping cogwheels, flexible cover caps, sheet gaskets, sealing rings, protective coverings, medical catheters, and even ski boots.

With a lower concentration of amides (nitrogen-containing organic compounds) than any other commercially available polyamide, Nylon 12’s material characteristics make it beneficial in the following ways:

  • It absorbs very little moisture, which allows components made from Nylon 12 to retain a high degree of dimensional stability, even in environments with fluctuating humidity levels.
  • Even when temperatures dip below freezing, Nylon 12 retains excellent impact and non-impact strength.
  • It features excellent resistance to chemicals, including hydraulic fluids, oil, fuels, grease, salt water and solvents.
  • Nylon 12 has exceptionally strong resistance to cracking under stress, including instances when it encapsulates metal components.
  • It provides excellent resistance to abrasion.
  • When it is dry run against steel, polyacetal, polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) and other material, Nylon 12 has a very low coefficient of friction.
  • It dampens noise and vibration.
  • Even when placed under high-frequency cyclical load, Nylon 12 remains incredibly fatigue resistant.
  • It is highly processable.

 

Below, you’ll find tables listing typical material properties for three commonly used versions of Nylon 12: standard, semi-flexible, and flexible.

Standard Nylon 12

Property Value
Density 1.01 g/cm³
Surface Hardness RR105
Tensile Strength 7251.89 psi  (50 MPa)
Flexural Modulus 1.4 GPa
Notched Izod 0.06 kJ/m
Elongation at Break 200%
Strain at Yield 6%
Maximum Operating Temp. 158°F (70°C)
Water Absorption 0.25%
Oxygen Index 21%
UL 94 Flammability Rating V2
Dielectric Strength 60 MV/m
Heat Distortion Temperature @ 0.45 MPa 302°F (150°C)
Heat Distortion Temperature @ 1.80 MPa 131°F (55°C)
Material Drying 2 hours @ 194°F (90°C)
Melting Temperature Range 374°F - 410°F (190°C - 210°C)
Mold Shrinkage 1.5%
Mold Temperature Range 104°F - 140°F (40°C - 60°C)

 

Semi-Flexible Nylon 12

Property Value
Density 1.03 g/cm³
Surface Hardness RR85
Tensile Strength 4351.13 psi (30 MPa)
Flexural Modulus 0.55 GPa
Notched Izod 0.07 kJ/m
Elongation at Break 300%
Strain at Yield 30%
Maximum Operating Temp. 158°F (70°C)
Water Absorption 0.2%
Oxygen Index 21%
UL 94 Flammability Rating V2
Dielectric Strength 55 MV/m
Heat Distortion Temperature @ 0.45 MPa 284°F (140°C)
Heat Distortion Temperature @ 1.80 MPa 158°F (70°C)
Material Drying 2 hours @ 194°F (90°C)
Melting Temperature Range 374°F - 392°F (190°C - 200°C)
Mold Shrinkage 1.4%
Mold Temperature Range 104°F - 140°F (40°C - 60°C)

 

Flexible Nylon 12

Property Value
Density 1.03 g/cm³
Surface Hardness RR80
Tensile Strength 3625.9 psi (50 MPa)
Flexural Modulus 0.4 GPa
Notched Izod 0.07 kJ/m
Elongation at Break 300%
Strain at Yield 37.50%
Maximum Operating Temp. 158°F (70°C)
Water Absorption 0.2%
Oxygen Index 21%
UL 94 Flammability Rating V2
Dielectric Strength 55 MV/m
Heat Distortion Temperature @ 0.45 MPa 275°F (135°C)
Heat Distortion Temperature @ 1.80 MPa 122°F (50°C)
Material Drying 2 hours @ 194°F (90°C)
Melting Temperature Range 374°F - 392°F (190°C - 200°C)
Mold Shrinkage 1.4%
Mold Temperature Range 104°F - 140°F (40°C - 60°C)

 

©2014 CableOrganizer.com, LLC. This article may not be reproduced in part or in full without the written permission of CableOrganizer.com.
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